Planes of Fame Air Museum
Planes of Fame Air Museum
Home »  Collection »  Flying & Static Aircraft »  Hispano HA-1112-M1L 'Buchon'


  • The HA-1112-M1L "Buchon" is a licensed, Spanish-built version of the Messerschmitt Bf-1 09G fighter. There were nine versions built by La Hispano Aviacion S.A. Spain between 1942 and 1961. Daimler-Benz engines were not available, so early versions were powered by the V-12 Hispano Suiza 12z, with the first prototype taking to the air in March 1945. The engine proved unsatisfactory and was replaced in 1953 with the Rolls-Royce Merlin V-12. HA-1112 aircraft powered by the Hispano Suiza engine were known as the 'Tripala" and those powered by the Merlin were designated "Buchon (Pigeon)."
  • By the mid-1950's, the HA-1112 was no longer used for air-to-air combat so the aircraft was armed for close-sup- port with Hispano HS-404 or -808 20mm cannon in each wing. The HA-1112 also served as an advanced trainer for the Spanish Air Force until its retirement in 1967. Surplus aircraft were purchased or leased for use in film production, most notably The Battle of Britain.
  • The museum's aircraft was built in Seville, Spain in March 1958. It was used by the Spanish Air Force until 1969 when it was sold for filming of The Battle of Britain. It was purchased afterwards by Mr. Harold Beal of Knoxville, TN. The aircraft suffered a landing accident and was subsequently donated by Mr. Beal to Planes of Fame Air Museum in 1982. It was restored by the museum and flew again in 1989. The aircraft flew on the big screen again in the film Pearl Harbor. In 2007, the aircraft went through a complete re-restoration to flight.



  • Planes of Fame Air Museum's HA-1112 is a Spanish licensed-built Messerschmitt Bf-109G. It served with Spanish Air Force and has appeared in numerous films, e.g., The Battle of Britain.



Status: Restoring to flight
Manufacturer: Hispano Aviacion S.A.
Year: 1954
Model: HA-1112-M1L Buchon
Registration Number:
Serial Number: 
Crew: 1
Max T/O Weight: 7,011 lb.
Span: 32 ft. 6 in.
Length: 29 ft. 10 in.
Height: 8 ft. 6 in.
Maximum Speed: 419 mph
Cruise Speed: 318 mph
Rate of Climb: 5,577 ft/min
Power Plant: 1 x Rolls-Royce Merlin 500/45 V-12 liquid-cooled engine, 1,400 hp.
Range: 476 mi
Service Ceiling: 33,450 ft.
Armament: Two 20-mm cannon


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