Planes of Fame Air Museum
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Home »  Collection »  Flying & Static Aircraft »  Hanriot HD-1 'Scout'


  • While not as well-known as many of its contemporaries, the Hanriot (pronounced "Ahn-ree-o") HD-1 was a significant type in the last year of the Great War. Very few examples of this French-designed machine actually served with the French. Instead, most French-built Hanriots were delivered to the Belgians, who quickly learned to appreciate the HD-1 's strength, speed, and maneuverability.
  • Willie Coppens, the top-ranking Belgian ace with 37 victories, flew a bright blue Hanriot. The Italians were the major user of the HD-1. They were so enthusiastic about the Hanriot that they built them under license. By the end of the war, HD-1s equipped 20 Italian squadrons. In the years immediately following World War I, Hanriots served with the U.S. Navy and the Swiss Air Force.
  • HD-1s have also been preserved in the United Kingdom, Belgium, Italy, Switzerland and Venezuela.



  • World War I combat veteran.
  • The Air Museum's HD-1 had a unique history. It was brought to the United States in 1924 by Charles Nungesser, whose 45 victories made him France's third-ranking World War I ace. (The black heart with the skull and cross bones, coffin and candle sticks was Nungesser's personal insig- nia.) He barnstormed with the HD-1 and, in 1925, flew it in one of the first films about World War I aviation, "The Sky Raider." In 1927 Nungesser and his navigator, Francois Coli, disappeared attempting to fly from Paris to New York. After Nungesser vanished, the HD-1 was sold. It appeared in several other films including "Wings" and "Hell'sAngels." Ed Maloney, founder of Planes of Fame Air Museum, bought the airplane in 1951.


Status: Static Display
Manufacturer: Hanriot Company
Year: 1917
Model: HD-1 Scout
Registration Number:
Serial Number:
Crew: 1
Max T/O Weight: 1,334 lb.
Span: 28 ft. 6 in.
Length: 19 ft. 2 in.
Height: 9 ft. 8 in.
Maximum Speed: 115 mph
Cruise Speed: N/A
Rate of Climb: N/A
Power Plant: 1 x 120 hp. Le Rhone 9JB or 130 hp. Clerget air-cooled rotary engine
Range: 2.5 hrs. endurance
Service Ceiling: 20,000 ft.
Armament: Two synchronized forward-firing 0.303-in. Vickers machine guns


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